Photo © 2008 David Joyal/Art History Images. All rights reserved.
|Caption:||Iron forge at Fontenay Abbey dating from 1220. The Cistercians were well-known for their expertise in water engineering, and at Fontenay it was used to especially impressive ends. The monks extracted iron ore from stone quarried on the hill above the monastery, then used the forge to make iron tools to be sold in the region. This was the first metallurgical factory in Europe and the place of invention of the hydraulic hammer, which became the basis of industrial manufacturing in Europe. The forge was recently reconstructed based on the medieval original.|
|Keywords:||fontenay abbey abbaye cistercian burgundy france romanesque unesco monastery c13 year1220 water mill forge engineering metallurgy invention science iron hydraulic hammer medieval machine|
|Digital Size:||5000 x 3333 pixels|
|Print Sizes:||20.8 x 13.9 inches @ 240 dpi|
16.7 x 11.1 inches @ 300 dpi
|Created:||May 30, 2008|
|Uploaded:||November 11, 2009|